J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg 2007; 33(3): 263~267
Primary intraosseous carcinoma on mandible : A case report
Hak-Ryeol Kim, Dong-Mok Ryu, Jung-Hwan Oh
© Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. All rights reserved.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Primary intraosseous carcinoma (PIOC) is a rare odontogenic carcinoma defined as a squamous cell carcinoma arising within a jaw having no initial connection with the oral mucosa, and probably developing from residues of the odontogenic epithelium. PIOC appears more common in male than female, especially at posterior portion of the mandible. Radiographic features of PIOC show irregular patterns of bone destruction with ill defined margins. It could be sometimes misdiagnosed as the cyst or benign tumor because it shows well defined margins. If it couldn't be done appropriate treatment initially, PIOC shows extremely aggressive involvement, extensive local destruction and spreads to the overlying soft tissue. Therefore accurate diagnosis in early state is necessary. The diagnosis criteria proposed for PIOC are : (1) absence of ulcer formation, except when caused by other factors, (2) histologic evidence of squamous cell carcinoma without a cystic component or other odontogenic tumor cell, and (3) absence of another primary tumor on chest radiograph obtained at the time of diagnosis and during a follow-up period of more than 6 month(Suei et al., 1994).
Keywords: Primary intraosseous carcinoma, Mandible, Odontogenic carcinoma

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