J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018; 44(5): 232~236
Comparison of temporomandibular disorders between menopausal and non-menopausal women
Mitra Farzin1, Masumeh Taghva1, Moslem Babooie2
1Department of Prosthodontics and 2Postgraduate Student of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
Masumeh Taghva
Department of Prosthodontics, Shiraz Dental School, School of Dentistry, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Ghasrodasht Street, Ghomabad, Shiraz 71868-93798, Iran
TEL: +98-9171883704 FAX: +98-71-36270325
E-mail: taghvam@yahoo.com
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6662-2257
Received November 11, 2017; Revised December 27, 2017; Accepted December 27, 2017.; Published online October 31, 2018.
© Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. All rights reserved.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
Objectives: Hormonal changes during menopause alter a woman’s susceptibility to some disorders. Information regarding the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) in menopausal women is limited in the literature. In this study, the prevalence and severity of TMDs were compared between menopausal and non-menopausal women.
Materials and Methods: The study included 140 women (69 premenopausal and 71 postmenopausal) 45 to 55 years of age that were examined in Shiraz Dental School, Shiraz in Iran. The Helkimo clinical dysfunction index (Di) was used to evaluate temporomandibular joint (TMJ) dysfunction. The data were analyzed using chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests.
Results: Occurrence of TMD was significantly higher in menopausal than non-menopausal women (P<0.001). All the TMD criteria based on Helkimo Di except range of mandibular movement were significantly more common in menopausal women. The range of mandibular movement was not significantly different between menopausal and non-menopausal women (P=0.178).
Conclusion: The results from this study show that TMD can be considered more common and severe in menopausal than non-menopausal women. This finding indicates that, similar to other conditions in menopausal women such as arthritis and osteoporosis, TMD should be taken into consideration by dental and medical professionals.
Keywords: Temporomandibular joint disorders, Menopause, Prevalence


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