J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg 2018; 44(2): 43~51
Non-invasive different modalities of treatment for temporomandibular disorders: review of literature
Amira Mokhtar Abouelhuda1,2, Ahmad Khalifa khalifa2, Young-Kyun Kim1, Salah Abdelftah Hegazy2
1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Section of Dentistry, Seoul National University Bundang Hospital, Seongnam, Korea,
2Department of Prosthodontics, Mansoura University Hospital, College of Dentistry, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
Salah Abdelftah Hegazy
Department of Prosthodontics, Mansoura University Hospital, College of Dentistry, Mansoura University, 60 El Gomhouria St., Mansoura 35516, Egypt
TEL: +20-1200211116 FAX: +20-50-2202835
E-mail: salahhegazy2003@yahoo.com
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-6581-4046
Received February 7, 2018; Revised February 8, 2018; Accepted February 8, 2018.; Published online April 30, 2018.
© Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. All rights reserved.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) are diseases that affect the temporomandibular joint and supporting structures. The goal of treatment for TMDs is elimination or reduction of pain and return to normal temporomandibular joint function. Initial treatment for TMDs is non-invasive and conservative, not surgical. Oral and maxillofacial surgeons should fully understand and actively care about non-invasive treatments for TMDs. The purpose of this study is to review the validity and outcomes of non-invasive and surgical treatment modalities for TMDs.
Keywords: Temporomandibular disorders, Therapeutics


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30 April 2018
Vol. 44
No. 2 pp. 41~90

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