J Korean Assoc Oral Maxillofac Surg 2016; 42(4): 227~230
Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint: a case report
Sung-Won Yang, Jin-Yong Cho, Hyeon-Min Kim
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, Incheon, Korea
Jin-Yong Cho
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Gachon University Gil Medical Center, 21 Namdong-daero 774beon-gil, Namdong-gu, Incheon 21565, Korea
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Received May 21, 2016; Revised June 29, 2016; Accepted August 3, 2016.; Published online August 31, 2016.
© Korean Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. All rights reserved.

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
 Abstract
Septic arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is a rare disease. The most common symptoms of this disease are acute malocclusion, limited mouth opening, swelling, and tenderness of affected TMJ. These symptoms are often confused with internal derangement of the articular disc, rheumatoid arthritis, retrodiscitis, or osteoarthritis. Therefore, differential diagnosis by image examination is required. Usually, antimicrobial treatment and surgical drainage by needle aspiration, arthroscopy, or arthrotomy are effective treatment approaches. In this study, a patient who was diagnosed with septic arthritis was treated with arthrocentesis and antibiotics without significant complications. We present a case report with a review of the literature.
Keywords: Infectious arthritis, Temporomandibular joint arthrocentesis, Temporomandibular joint aspiration


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